Post-COVID Syndrome – Mental & Physical

Preliminary reports indicate some patients may develop “post-acute COVID-19 syndrome,” in which they experience persistent symptoms after recovering from their initial illness. The syndrome appears to affect those with mild as well as moderate-to-severe disease. The incidence, natural history, and etiology of these symptoms are currently unknown. Many people suffering from “long COVID” are still unable to work at full capacity six months after infection, a large-scale survey of confirmed and suspected patients has found. While COVID-19 was initially understood to be largely a respiratory illness from which most people would recover within two or three weeks, as the pandemic wore on, increasing numbers reported experiencing symptoms for months on end. These “Long-Haulers” with symptoms affecting organs ranging from the heart to the brain have no real explanation and no standardized treatment plan for their long-term condition. There is no consensus on the scale and impact of long COVID, but emerging data is concerning.  There are currently 28 research reports in various peer review stages concerning long-term COVID-19 symptoms. Still, hospitals in both the U.S. and EU are seeing a Readmission rate for Covid patients 3.5 times greater and a death rate seven times higher than for other hospital patients


The National Institutes Of Health (“NIH”) Has Recently Proposed A Unifying Name: Post-Acute Sequelae Of SARS-CoV-2 Infection, Or PASC. (SARS-CoV-2 Is The Virus That Causes COVID-19.) Most People Who Get COVID-19 Recover Within Weeks Or A Few Months. However, Some Will Likely Suffer Chronic Damage To Their Lungs, Heart, Kidneys, Or Brain That The Virus Inflicted. It Is Believed That The Long-Term Cumulation Of COVID-19-Related Damage Could Significantly Contribute To The COVID-19 Long-Haul Syndrome.  It Is Estimated That Up To 40% Of COVID Patients Showed Neurologic Manifestations At The Outset, And More Than 30% Of Those Had Impaired Cognition. Sometimes, The Neurological Manifestations Can Be Devastating And Can Even Lead To Death.  



In Survivors Of Intensive Care Unit (“ICU”) Stays Due To Acute Respiratory Failure Or Shock From Any Cause, One-Third Of People Show Such A Profound Degree Of Cognitive Impairment That Performance On Neuropsychological Testing Is Comparable To Those With Moderate Traumatic Brain Injury. In Daily Life, Such Cognitive Effects On Memory, Attention, And Executive Function Can Lead To Difficulties Managing Medications, Managing Finances, Comprehending Written Materials, And Even Carrying On Conversations With Friends And Family. Commonly Observed Long-Term Psychological Effects Of ICU Stays Include Anxiety, Depression, And Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (“PTSD”). Effects Due To COVID-19 ICU Stays Are Expected To Be Similar—  Prediction That The Studies In Britain Have Already Confirmed, Canada, And Finland Reviewed Above.

Key Takeaways:
  • 40% of COVID-19 patients show neurologic manifestations at the outset, and more than 30% of those experience impaired cognition.
  • Around 1/3 of COVID-19 patients may not be able to reenter the workforce, causing additional stresses on both U.S. health care and GDP.
  • It is imperative to slow or halt the spread of COVID-19 by any means necessary.